Frequently Asked Questions

Gender Based Violence (GBV)

Gender-Based Violence (GBV) is an umbrella term for any harmful act that is perpetrated against a person’s will, and that is based on socially

ascribed (gender) differences between males and females. GBV and in particular sexual violence, is a serious, life-threatening protection issue

primarily affecting women and children.

It causes and is not limited to physical, sexual and psychological harm. It usually encompasses but it’s not limited to spouse battering, intimate

partner violence such as marital rape, dowry/bride price related violence, feticide, sexual abuse of children in the household and outside, child

labor, crimes with violence, early marriage, forced marriage, female genital mutilation /cutting, forced male circumcision, sodomy, rape, request

for sexual favors at work, in school and elsewhere, commercial sexual exploitation and human trafficking.

1. That 90 percent of gender violence against women and girls is sexual abuse; One-in-­ve Kenyan women face sexual violence, 90 percent of

all reported cases of gender violence are reported by women and girls, 10 per cent by men or boys.

2. The main causes of Gender Based Violence in Kenya includes Cultural beliefs and practices, financial insecurity, alcoholism and drugs

abuse, economic deprivation and low status of women/girls. 3. Most violence towards women is committed by an intimate partner.

1. Quickly go to a safe place after the incident

2. Take a bold step and Break the silence! Call Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) free helpline 1195 for immediate help. Get to a safe place e.g. hospital and other health facility or nearest police station.

3. In cases of Sexual Violence;

·    Do not clean yourself or bathe before being treated. If you change clothes put the dirty ones in a brown paper bag or wrap them in a      news paper. Never use plastic (polythene) bags to store your clothes

·    Do not cut your nails or brush your teeth

·    If you must pass urine, do it in a clean container and bring it with you to health centre for laboratory testing

·    Present your case as a Gender Based Violence issue to a health practitioner within 72 hours (3 days) from the time the incident occurred

·    Report the matter to the Police

·    Seek psychological support

·    Seek legal redress/legal advice


A GBV survivor should start receiving services within 72 hours (3 days) from the incident. But if the survivor comes to us after this period, we will still be ready and happy to support.