Gender-Based Violence (GBV) is an umbrella term for any harmful act that is perpetrated against a person’s will, and that is based on socially
ascribed (gender) differences between males and females. GBV and in particular sexual violence, is a serious, life-threatening protection issue
primarily affecting women and children.
It causes and is not limited to physical, sexual and psychological harm. It usually encompasses but it’s not limited to spouse battering, intimate
partner violence such as marital rape, dowry/bride price related violence, feticide, sexual abuse of children in the household and outside, child
labor, crimes with violence, early marriage, forced marriage, female genital mutilation /cutting, forced male circumcision, sodomy, rape, request
for sexual favors at work, in school and elsewhere, commercial sexual exploitation and human trafficking.